美国商务部的一份声明没有详细说明美国商品将受到北京报复性关税的打击。但中国在四月份宣布了可能的目标，包括轻型飞机，橙汁，威士忌，牛肉和大豆 – 这些是美国中心地带经济和政治上重要的出口产品。
China said it it would ‘fight back strongly’ with penalties of same scale on American goods
Vowing to cut U.S. trade deficits and protect the nation’s high-tech “crown jewels,” President Donald Trump said Friday he’s levying a 25 per cent tariff on up to $50 billion US worth of Chinese imports, instantly escalating a trade dispute between the world’s two largest economies.
China’s government quickly responded that it would “fight back strongly” with penalties of the same scale on American goods.
Trump said he was fulfilling a campaign pledge to crack down on what he contends are China’s unfair trade practices and efforts to undermine U.S. technology and intellectual property.
“You know we have the great brain power in Silicon Valley, and China and others steal those secrets. And we’re going to protect those secrets. Those are crown jewels for this country,” Trump said on the television program Fox & Friends.
Asked about inciting a trade war, he said, “There is no trade war. They’ve taken so much” already.
The U.S. tariffs will cover 1,102 Chinese product lines worth about $50 billion US a year. Those include 818 products, worth $34 billion US a year, remaining from a list of 1,333 the administration released in April. After receiving public comment, the U.S. removed from the list hundreds of products, including televisions and some pharmaceuticals, according to a senior administration official who briefed reporters on condition of anonymity.
The government will start to collect the tariffs July 6.
The administration also is targeting an additional 284 Chinese products, which it says benefit from China’s aggressive industrial policies, worth $16 billion US a year, but won’t impose those tariffs until it collects public comment. U.S. companies that rely on the targeted imports — and can’t find substitutes — can apply for exemptions from the tariffs.
“The Chinese side doesn’t want to fight a trade war, but facing the shortsightedness of the U.S. side, China has to fight back strongly,” the Chinese Commerce Ministry said in a statement. “We will immediately introduce the same scale and equal taxation measures, and all economic and trade achievements reached by the two sides will be invalidated.”
A ministry statement gave no details of what U.S. goods would be hit by Beijing’s retaliatory tariffs. But China in April had announced possible targets, including light aircraft, orange juice, whiskey, beef and soybeans — an economically and politically important export from America’s heartland.
Wall Street has viewed the escalating trade tensions with wariness, fearful that they could strangle economic growth and undermine the benefits of the tax cuts Trump signed into law last year.